Community Research Federal Ministry of Education and Research German EU Presidency 2007 ESFRI DESY

Challenge 1: A changing landscape

1a: An enlarging and diverse Europe

Chaired by J. Gierlinski, ESFRI delegate

Session overview: The European Union has undergone a number of enlargements since its creation, with
the last countries to join, Bulgaria and Romania, bringing the EU to 27 Member States. As a consequence, the
map of direct neighbouring countries is evolving as well. This progressive enlargement is generating major
challenges as well as new opportunities for research, in particular for research infrastructures. This session will
explore the infrastructure needs of the new Member States; how can these be better articulated with capacities
already existing or under development in the rest of Europe; and what will be the new opportunities in an
enlarged Europe.

1b ICT needs for knowledge societies

Chaired by L. Laaksonen, Chair of the e‑Infrastructure Reflection Group, eIRG

Session overview: Experiments and new instruments generate an exponentially increasing amount of
data, and require new computing or communication tools. As stressed during the Nottingham conference
(2005), these new worldwide requirements are valid for all fields of Science and Technology. They have to be
matched with appropriate data repositories for long-term data preservation, as well as with high-performance
computing and high-capacity communication infrastructures. This session will be an opportunity to assess
progress made on these issues since the 2005 conference and to discuss the further adoption of these
technologies by the scientific communities.

1c: New forms of infrastructures

Chaired by C. Rizzuto, ESFRI delegate

Session overview: In many fields of Science and Technology, the required research infrastructures are not
necessarily single-sited large instruments. A more diverse array of infrastructures has emerged during the last
few years. This is especially true for the Life Sciences as a consequence of the expansion in molecular biology,
for Environmental Sciences with the multiplication of earth monitoring systems, and for Social Sciences with
social surveys and associated data resources. This session is intended to outline this diversity and to discuss
other new forms of infrastructures.